Stopping Normally at The Side Of The Road
Before you go practice moving off, you will need to know how to stop the car. The routine for stopping is always Mirrors Signal Manoeuvre (M.S.M), unless you need to carry out the emergency stop.
You should think well ahead to avoid harsh braking. The amount of pressure you need to use on the foot brake will depend on your speed and how quickly you need to stop. You should look ahead and choose a safe, convenient and legal place to stop on the left. Remember SCALP.
When you have chosen a suitable place to stop, use the Mirrors Signal Manoeuvre routine as follows.
Check the mirrors that correspond to the manoeuvre you are doing. If you are stopping on the left, check the interior mirror and the left door mirror. This will give you a view of what is behind you and what is to the left of you. If you are stopping on the right, check the interior and then right door mirror.
Signal with your direction indicator if needed. Depending on what you see around you a signal may or not be necessary. Ask yourself, would someone benefit from me indicating? If no one is around, then you would not need to signal.
If a car is behind you then signal to let them know what you intend to do. If there is just a pedestrian walking away from you who doesn’t look like they intend to cross, then they wouldn’t need a signal.
If you do decide to signal, make sure you time the signal correctly. Do not signal too early if there is a road on the left, just before where you are about to stop. If you did signal and someone was emerging from that road, they may think you were turning left onto their road and pull out in front of you.
You have found a SCALP, checked you Mirrors and decided if you need to signal. Now you need to come to a stop gently. To stop smoothly follow the stops below.
Off The Gas: Come off the gas pedal and the engine will slow down, slowing your vehicle.
Brake Gently: Depending on how fast you were going you should brake gently at first, then brake more firmly as you need to stop completely. This is called progressive braking and ensures you do not stop too harshly. If you are going slowly in first gear, you may not need to brake much until you actually want to stop. If you are approaching in a higher gear at a higher speed, then you should slow down with your footbrake, leaving the clutch up until just before you stop..
Steer Slightly Left: If there are no parked cars ahead you will be able to steer very slightly to the left and come in at a very slight angle. If you need to park just after a car, you will have to steer more to come in at more of an angle.Bring the kerb across the front of the car bonnet. It should cut into the dashboard around the centre of your windscreen.
Clutch Down: Press the clutch pedal all the way down as you are about to stop and keep it down. Doing this will make sure engine doesn’t stall as the car stops.
Brake To Stop: Push the foot brake more firmly to bring to car to a complete stop.
Handbrake On: Apply the handbrake to stop the car from rolling. Only apply the handbrake once the car is still, do not use the handbrake to slow down.
Select Neutral: Select neutral with the gear stick.
Relax Your Feet: You can now take your feet off the foot pedals. The clutch doesn’t need to be down any longer as you are in neutral and not in any gear. You can come off the foot brake as the handbrake should be holding the car still.
Cancel Signal: If you indicated your intention to stop, then cancel that signal.
Summary Of Moving Off And Stopping
To Move off Safely Remember POM
- Prepare – biting point
- Observe – check all round and decide if you need to indicate
- Manoeuvre – move off smoothly and take up the normal driving position
When Stopping Normally remember MSM
- Mirrors -check interior mirror and the one that’s on the side you are moving towards
- Signal? – would someone benefit from a signal?
- Manoeuvre – pull up in a safe, convenient and legal place.